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Theses

Implantation des ordres mendiants dans l'ancien diocèse de Genève (XIIIe - XVIIe siècle)

Abstract : To speak about the mendicant orders today is to evoke a reality that seems to have disappeared. The existence of these Dominicans, Franciscans, Carmelites and Augustinians has nevertheless been perpetuated in our current urban landscape through odonymy. From the smallest hamlet to the largest city, we no longer count the "Jacobin squares", the "Cordeliers streets" or the "Grand Carmelite quarters" and "Grand Augustinian quays". Many convents have now disappeared, reused or destroyed, for the most part, after the French Revolution. Their toponyms, however, have survived and give us a glimpse of the important place they took in our flourishing medieval cities. The mendicant orders developed in number in the first half of the 13th century. These religious arrived in the former diocese of Geneva, the geographical area of our study, in small numbers between the thirteenth and sixteenth centuries, and settled in the ten principal localities of the territory. The elements brought by this study add to the numerous researches already undertaken on the former diocese of Geneva. The religious history of this territory was the subject of an important collective work directed by Henri Baud in 1985, but which lacked developments on the mendicants. Our research on the conventual establishment led us to a better understanding of the mechanisms that guided their expansion in the Late Middle Ages. We have been able to demonstrate that, once again in the history of the mendicants, the foundations in this particular diocese were intimately linked to the urban fact and followed the rhythm of its development. Thus, the quantity and temporality of the settlements corresponded to the slow growth of the cities in the northern Alps. The mendicants invested this space constrained by geography, but also by the internal conflicts that gradually gave the House of Savoy a prominent place. It was clearly thanks to it that the friars arrived in the diocese. By focusing on the Augustinians, who are often neglected in general research on the mendicants, we have also been able to bring to light a reasoned logic of primitive implantation that had not yet been truly understood. The extension of our research to the entire Augustinian province of Burgundy and Narbonne has allowed us to demonstrate the diocesan dimension of their expansion, with the foundation of a single convent per diocese, and the organization of new settlements on a provincial scale. Finally, the confrontation of the four mendicant orders on the territory could be developed through their places of life, the convents and their components, with notable variations in the size and organization of the groups according to the location and the religious sensibility, whether observant or not, of each. In all cases, however, it has been demonstrated the importance of a shared spatiality with the laics who had at their disposal both a nave considered as "their" church, but also a cloister, or at least an assimilated space, reserved in the conventual complexes.
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Submitted on : Friday, July 1, 2022 - 12:23:35 PM
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Amélie Roger. Implantation des ordres mendiants dans l'ancien diocèse de Genève (XIIIe - XVIIe siècle). Histoire. Université de Lyon, 2021. Français. ⟨NNT : 2021LYSE2097⟩. ⟨tel-03711333⟩

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