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Linked Data Ground Truth for Quantitative and Qualitative Evaluation of Explanations for Relational Graph Convolutional Network Link Prediction on Knowledge Graphs

Nicholas Halliwell 1, 2, 3 Fabien Gandon 1, 2, 3 Freddy Lecue 1, 4, 2, 3 
Abstract : Relational Graph Convolutional Networks (RGCNs) identify relationships within a Knowledge Graph to learn real-valued embeddings for each node and edge. Recently, researchers have proposed explanation methods to interpret the predictions of these blackbox models. However, comparisons across explanation methods for link prediction remains difficult, as there is neither a method nor dataset to compare explanations against. Furthermore, there exists no standard evaluation metric to identify when one explanation method is preferable to the other. In this paper, we leverage linked data to propose a method, including two datasets (Royalty-20k, and Royalty-30k), to benchmark explanation methods on the task of explainable link prediction using Graph Neural Networks. In particular, we rely on the Semantic Web to construct explanations, ensuring that each predictable triple has an associated set of triples providing a ground truth explanation. Additionally, we propose the use of a scoring metric for empirically evaluating explanation methods, allowing for a quantitative comparison. We benchmark these datasets on state-of-the-art link prediction explanation methods using the defined scoring metric, and quantify the different types of errors made with respect to both data and semantics.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03430113
Contributor : Nicholas Halliwell Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Tuesday, November 23, 2021 - 9:10:33 PM
Last modification on : Friday, August 5, 2022 - 3:50:58 AM

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Nicholas Halliwell, Fabien Gandon, Freddy Lecue. Linked Data Ground Truth for Quantitative and Qualitative Evaluation of Explanations for Relational Graph Convolutional Network Link Prediction on Knowledge Graphs. WI-IAT 2021 - 20th IEEE/WIC/ACM International Conference on Web Intelligence and Intelligent Agent Technology, Dec 2021, Melbourne, Australia. ⟨10.1145/3486622.3493921⟩. ⟨hal-03430113v2⟩

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