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L’utilisation du bois dans les aménagements portuaires antiques de Narbonne/Narbo Martius (Aude)

Abstract : Narbonne/Narbo Martius is located at the crossroads of sea, river and land routes, has been a place of exchange between the Mediterranean and the Atlantic since the 2nd c. BC. Its port system, which has constantly adapted to environmental constraints, includes an urban port as well as outports around the Bages/Sigean ponds located 4 km south of the city. The Aude, the ancient Atax, is mentioned by ancient authors as a major trade route. The collective project on the ancient ports of Narbonne led to large-scale excavations at the river mouth: it was channelled during the 1st c. AD and abandoned from the 5th c. AD on. It was the place where goods were transhipped from deep-sea vessels to river boats, as illustrated by the discovery of the Mandirac 1 wreck. Rarely observed in the Mediterranean, the use of wood is well documented here for the numerous constructions built in wetlands. The piles, bents and caissons were used to develop the banks and to build dykes framing the passage of the watercourse in the lagoon. Although the wooden pieces are found along the entire route, their location is adapted to variations in the substrate and to micro-local physical constraints (swell, current, wind). The maintenance of the structures over the long term implies phases of modification and reconstruction. The aim of this article is to better understand the choices and the variety of techniques used in the context of these river and port developments.
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Contributor : Nicolas Coquet <>
Submitted on : Thursday, March 18, 2021 - 4:20:19 PM
Last modification on : Saturday, May 1, 2021 - 11:51:10 AM


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Corinne Sanchez, Jean-Michel Fabre, Sophie Coadic, Julie Labussière, Benoît Favennec, et al.. L’utilisation du bois dans les aménagements portuaires antiques de Narbonne/Narbo Martius (Aude). Gallia - Archéologie des Gaules, CNRS Éditions, 2020, Les ports romains dans les Trois Gaules. Entre Atlantique et eaux intérieures, 77 (1), pp.489-508. ⟨10.4000/gallia.5703⟩. ⟨hal-03173154⟩



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