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Subjective satisfaction and objective electricity poverty reduction in Vietnam, 2008-2018.

Abstract : We estimate the reduction of electricity poverty in Vietnam. The essential argument is that human development is about subjective feeling as much as technology and income. We use a self-reported satisfaction indicator as complementary to objective indicators based on national household surveys from 2008 to 2018. We found that in 2010, the fraction of households with access to electricity was over 96%. However, over 24% declared their electricity use did not meet their needs. Since 2014 the satisfaction rate is around 97%, even if 25% of the households used less than 50 kWh/month. Today there is electricity for all in Vietnam, but electricity bills weigh more and more in the budget of households. Inequalities in electricity use among Vietnamese households decreased during the 2008-2018 period, but are not greater than inequalities in income, contrary to the findings of Son and Yoon (2020). The subjective energy poverty measure allows better international statistics: unlike poverty or needs-based criteria, self-assessed satisfaction of needs compares across income levels and climates. Engineering and econometric objectivist approaches dominate the literature on sustainability monitoring. Out of 232 Sustainable Development Goal Indicators, only two are subjective. Yet our findings show that subjective indicators tell a different part of the story. Grid building is only a mean, the end is a meaningfull provision of power to satisfy the needs.
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Submitted on : Saturday, June 5, 2021 - 11:03:26 AM
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Minh Ha-Duong, Nguyen Son. Subjective satisfaction and objective electricity poverty reduction in Vietnam, 2008-2018.. Fullbright Review of Economics and Policy, Emerald Group Publishing, In press, ⟨10.1108/FREP-03-2021-0022⟩. ⟨hal-03160911v3⟩



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