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Interplay between Orientation at Electrodes and Copper Activation of Thermus thermophilus Laccase for O2 Reduction

Abstract : Multicopper oxidases (MCOs) catalyze the oxidation of a variety of substrates while reducing oxygen into water through four copper atoms. As an additional feature, some MCOs display an enhanced activity in solution in the presence of Cu2+. This is the case of the hyperthermophilic laccase HB27 from Thermus thermophilus, the physiologic role of which is unknown. As a particular feature, this enzyme presents a methionine rich domain proposed to be involved in copper interaction. In this work, laccase from T. thermophilus was produced in E. coli, and the effect of Cu2+ on its electroactivity at carbon nanotube modified electrodes was investigated. Direct O2 electroreduction is strongly dictated by carbon nanotube surface chemistry in accordance with the enzyme dipole moment. In the presence of Cu2+, an additional low potential cathodic wave occurs, which was never described earlier. Analysis of this wave as a function of Cu2+ availability allows us to attribute this wave to a cuprous oxidase activity displayed by the laccase and induced by copper binding close to the Cu T1 center. A mutant lacking the methionine-rich hairpin domain characteristic of this laccase conserves its copper activity suggesting a different site of copper binding. This study provides new insight into the copper effect in methionine rich MCOs and highlights the utility of the electrochemical method to investigate cuprous oxidase activity and to understand the physiological role of these MCOs.
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Vivek Pratap Hitaishi, Romain Clément, Ludovica Quattrocchi, Philippe Parent, David Duché, et al.. Interplay between Orientation at Electrodes and Copper Activation of Thermus thermophilus Laccase for O2 Reduction. Journal of the American Chemical Society, American Chemical Society, 2020, 142 (3), pp.1394-1405. ⟨10.1021/jacs.9b11147⟩. ⟨hal-02503732⟩

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