Gait analysis following medial opening-wedge high tibial osteotomy

Abstract : PURPOSE: High tibial osteotomy (HTO) is used to treat young and active patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA) and varus deformity. The medial compartment OA alters the patients' gait. METHODS: A prospective study was carried out in 21 consecutive patients operated for HTO due to knee OA with varus deformity. There were 14 men and 7 women, with a median age of 51.9 years (38-64). Their gait was analyzed preoperatively and at 1 year postoperatively, and compared to a healthy control group. Clinical assessment (KOOS, WOMAC, Lysholm, and SF-36 scores) was also performed preoperatively and postoperatively. RESULTS: Patients with medial compartment OA had altered gait relative to the control population. Their walking speed was slower, step length was shorter, and single-leg stance time was shorter, while the double-leg stance time was longer (P < 0.001). Step width was not different between the two groups preoperatively (n.s.), but it was wider in the patient group postoperatively (P = 0.003). There were no differences in the patients' gait parameters before and after the osteotomy (n.s.). However, there was an improved perception of walking so that it is no longer different from controls (n.s.). The KOOS, WOMAC, Lysholm and SF-36 scores improved after HTO. The preoperative median of 7° varus (1-11) was corrected to 3° valgus (0-6). CONCLUSION: Medial compartment OA with varus deformity leads to gait modifications. HTO does not alter the time-distance parameters of gait; however, patients have improved perception of their walking ability. HTO leads to excellent results for knee function, and improves quality of life without modifying the gait pattern.
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Vincent Morin, Régis Pailhe, Brice Rubens Duval, Roch Mader, Jérémy Cognault, et al.. Gait analysis following medial opening-wedge high tibial osteotomy. Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy, Springer Verlag, 2018, 26 (6), pp.1838-1844. ⟨10.1007/s00167-017-4421-1⟩. ⟨hal-02263751⟩



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