Dental enamel hypoplasia and famines: physiological stress in 18th century Provence

Luana Batista-Goulart Isabelle Séguy 1 Gérald. Quatrehomme
1 LAAS-MICA - Équipe MICrosystèmes d'Analyse
LAAS - Laboratoire d'analyse et d'architecture des systèmes [Toulouse]
Abstract : Dental linear enamel hypoplasia (LEH) is a well-established physiologi-cal stress marker, which gives information about the stress someone suffers until age 7. In this presentation we analyse the occurrence of LEH in an archaeo-osteological collection of victims of the Great Plague of Marseilles (1720-1722, south of France), who went through several known starvation episodes before the plague epidemic. Con-sidering the historical and social contexts, our work aims at (1) verifying how each individual were affected by stress; (2) linking the stress epi-sode with the historically known famines, using the individual age at death; and (3) analysing how both genders were affected. In this pre-liminary study, we consider 60 individuals, including immatures and matures, in order to evaluate the pertinence of this analysis, which we intend to apply to the entire collection (n=200).
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Submitted on : Wednesday, July 31, 2019 - 4:56:37 PM
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  • HAL Id : hal-02202481, version 1


Luana Batista-Goulart, Isabelle Séguy, Gérald. Quatrehomme. Dental enamel hypoplasia and famines: physiological stress in 18th century Provence. 21st Congress of the European Anthropological Association, 2018, Odense, Danemark, Denmark. ⟨hal-02202481⟩



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