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L’éco pâturage : une nouvelle pratique qui interroge l’espace public

Abstract : Following urban farmers who work at building a cultivated city, fertile, wild (Chalas, 2005), "green" (Vidal Fleury, 2009) or "country" (Donadieu, 1997), eco-grazing which is using cattle for ecological maintenance of urban green areas, grows. The practice is still experimental at the time, and mostly located in northwestern France (see study by the association Entretien Nature et Territoire, 2014). Evicted by progressive urban planners (Lofti et al., 2012), cattle is back in town. Eco-grazing raises many questions. Some related to the introduction of an "agricultural" nature in urban spaces, helping its "ruralification" (Bories, 2015), his "agrarisation" (Erwein, 2014), and even the staging or the folklore of the countryside. Others concern the establishing of a coalition, a territorial hybridization between two worlds : town and country, up to now simple neighbours (Vidal and Fleury, 2009). Many deal with the managing methods (contracting, outsourcing, partnership), the technical feasibility (restraining, surveying, ‘storing’... animals), the new skills to be trained to, which are hybrids to both landscaping and agriculture or pastoral husbandry. In this "short" communication, we suggest to explore the links between eco-grazing and public spaces through the use of spatial partition markers, nominally fences. For this we use results of an exploratory study conducted as part of an eco-grazing experiment set up in a suburban town of the Toulouse area. Both the project analysis and interviews with residents unveil the highly symbolic, even fantastic, of individual and collective representations about the presence of cattle in town. They also highlight the significance of free access and use of public spaces, eco-grazing being at risk of privatizating of shared spaces and excluding some of its usual users. This proposal is set in observing and analysing new situations of co-presence linked to introducing cattle into town.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01818953
Contributor : Olivier Bories Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Tuesday, June 19, 2018 - 5:16:07 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, June 15, 2021 - 2:52:03 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Tuesday, September 25, 2018 - 4:58:03 PM

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Olivier Bories, Corinne Eychenne. L’éco pâturage : une nouvelle pratique qui interroge l’espace public. 23ème édition Congrès international 3R Rencontres Recherches Ruminants, INRA, Institut de l'élevage (Idele), Dec 2016, Paris, France. ⟨hal-01818953⟩

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