Uncertainty Quantification for Stochastic Approximation Limits Using Chaos Expansion

Abstract : The uncertainty quantification for the limit of a Stochastic Approximation (SA) algorithm is analyzed. In our setup, this limit $\targetfn$ is defined as a zero of an intractable function and is modeled as uncertain through a parameter $\param$. We aim at deriving the function $\targetfn$, as well as the probabilistic distribution of $\targetfn(\param)$ given a probability distribution $\pi$ for $\param$. We introduce the so-called Uncertainty Quantification for SA (UQSA) algorithm, an SA algorithm in increasing dimension for computing the basis coefficients of a chaos expansion of $\param \mapsto \targetfn(\param)$ on an orthogonal basis of a suitable Hilbert space. UQSA, run with a finite number of iterations $K$, returns a finite set of coefficients, providing an approximation $\widehat{\targetfn_K}(\cdot)$ of $\targetfn(\cdot)$. We establish the almost-sure and $L^p$-convergences in the Hilbert space of the sequence of functions $\widehat{\targetfn_K}(\cdot)$ when the number of iterations $K$ tends to infinity. This is done under mild, tractable conditions, uncovered by the existing literature for convergence analysis of infinite dimensional SA algorithms. For a suitable choice of the Hilbert basis, the algorithm also provides an approximation of the expectation, of the variance-covariance matrix and of higher order moments of the quantity $\widehat{\targetfn_K}(\param)$ when $\param$ is random with distribution $\pi$. UQSA is illustrated and the role of its design parameters is discussed numerically.
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Submitted on : Thursday, January 31, 2019 - 3:10:51 PM
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Stéphane Crépey, Gersende Fort, Emmanuel Gobet, Uladzislau Stazhynski. Uncertainty Quantification for Stochastic Approximation Limits Using Chaos Expansion. 2017. ⟨hal-01629952v3⟩

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