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Croissance et revenu du travail agricole en Inde. Une économie politique de la divergence (1950-2014)

Abstract : Despite an average annual economic growth of 7% over twenty years, as against a population growth of 1.7% for the same period, in 2011 nearly 55% of the Indian workforce is still dependent on agriculture. Our paper, based on three levels of analysis (international comparisons since 1970, political economy since independence in 1947, micro-located agrarian diagnosis in 2014), shows how the subcontinent remains trapped in a path diametrically opposite to the canonical model of growth. The agricultural workforce increases instead of decreasing, along with the labour productivity gap between farm and nonfarm workers. The economic reforms of 1991 boosted growth in the nonfarm sector but the latter generates few jobs. This exacerbates the land-labour ratio (0.65 ha per agricultural worker in 2011), aggravated locally by unequal access to land, water and value added. Such a structural transformation calls for institutional and technical innovations adapted to this typical Asian context.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01604710
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Submitted on : Monday, October 2, 2017 - 8:58:32 PM
Last modification on : Friday, February 5, 2021 - 3:46:17 AM

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Bruno Dorin, Claire Aubron. Croissance et revenu du travail agricole en Inde. Une économie politique de la divergence (1950-2014). 2016, mars-avril (352), pp.41-65. ⟨10.4000/economierurale.4865⟩. ⟨hal-01604710⟩

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