Changes in Cardiac Tone Regulation with Fatigue after Supra-Maximal Running Exercise

Abstract : To investigate the effects of fatigue and metabolite accumulation on the postexercicse parasympathetic reactivation, 11 long-sprint runners performed on an outdoor track an exhaustive 400 m long sprint event and a 300 m with the same 400 m pacing strategy. Time constant of heart rate recovery (HRRτ), time (RMSSD), and frequency (HF, and LF) varying vagal-related heart rate variability indexes were assessed during the 7 min period immediately following exercise. Biochemical parameters (blood lactate, pH, PO 2 , PCO 2 , SaO 2 , and HCO 3 −) were measured at 1, 4 and 7 min after exercise. Time to perform 300 m was not significantly different between both running trials. HHRτ measured after the 400 m running exercise was longer compared to 300 m running bouts (183.7 ± 11.6 versus 132.1 ± 9.8 s, P < 0.01). Absolute power density in the LF and HF bands was also lower after 400 m compared to the 300 m trial (P < 0.05). No correlation was found between biochemical and cardiac recovery responses except for the PO 2 values which were significantly correlated with HF levels measured 4 min after both bouts. Thus, it appears that fatigue rather than metabolic stresses occurring during a supramaximal exercise could explain the delayed postexercise parasympathetic reactivation in longer sprint runs.
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The Scientific World Journal, Hindawi Publishing Corporation, 2012, 2012, pp.281265. 〈10.1100/2012/281265〉
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Pierre-Marie Leprêtre, Philippe Lopes, Claire Thomas, Christine Hanon. Changes in Cardiac Tone Regulation with Fatigue after Supra-Maximal Running Exercise. The Scientific World Journal, Hindawi Publishing Corporation, 2012, 2012, pp.281265. 〈10.1100/2012/281265〉. 〈hal-01587104〉

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