Malaria in Dielmo, a Senegal village: Is its elimination possible after seven years of implementation of long-lasting insecticide- treated nets?

Abstract : BACKGROUND: The malaria burden has decreased significantly in recent years in Africa through the widespread use of artemisinin-based combination therapy (ACT) and long-lasting insecticide-treated nets (LLINs). However, the occurrence of malaria resurgences, the loss of immunity of exposed populations constitute among other factors, serious concerns about the future of malaria elimination efforts. This study investigated the evolution of malaria morbidity in Dielmo (Senegal) before and after the implementation of LLINs. METHODS: A longitudinal study was carried out in Dielmo over eight years, from July 2007 to July 2015. In July 2008, LLINs were offered to all villagers, and in July 2011 and August 2014 the LLINs were renewed. A survey on LLINs use was done each quarter of the year. Thick smears stained with Giemsa, a rapid diagnostic test (RDT) and quantitative polymerase chain reaction (PCR) methods were performed for all cases of fever to assess malaria clinical attacks. Malaria cases were treated with ACT since June 2006. RESULTS: Malaria morbidity has decreased significantly since the implementation of LLINs in Dielmo, together with ACT. However, malaria resurgences have occurred twice during the seven years of LLINs use. These resurgences occurred the first time during the third year after the introduction of LLINs (aIRR (adjusted incidence-rate ratio) [95%CI] = 5.90 [3.53; 9.88] p< 0.001) and a second time during the third year after the renewal of LLINs (aIRR [95%CI] = 5.60 [3.34; 9.39] p< 0.001). Sixty-nine percent (69%) of the nets tested for their long-lasting insecticidal activity remained effective after 3 years of use. CONCLUSION: Good management of malaria cases by the use of ACT as first-line treatment against malaria in addition to the use of LLINs has significantly reduced malaria in Dielmo and allowed to reach the phase of pre-elimination of the disease. However, the occurrence of malaria resurgences raised serious concerns about malaria elimination, which would require additional tools in this village.
Liste complète des métadonnées


https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01563226
Contributeur : Jean Gaudart <>
Soumis le : lundi 17 juillet 2017 - 14:12:11
Dernière modification le : mardi 18 juillet 2017 - 01:11:29

Fichier

journal.pone.0179528.pdf
Publication financée par une institution

Licence


Distributed under a Creative Commons Paternité - Pas d'utilisation commerciale - Partage selon les Conditions Initiales 4.0 International License

Identifiants

Collections

Citation

Amélé N Wotodjo, Souleymane Doucoure, Jean Gaudart, Nafissatou Diagne, Fatoumata Sarr, et al.. Malaria in Dielmo, a Senegal village: Is its elimination possible after seven years of implementation of long-lasting insecticide- treated nets?. PLoS ONE, Public Library of Science, 2017, 12 (7), pp.e0179528. <http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0179528>. <10.1371/journal.pone.0179528>. <hal-01563226>

Partager

Métriques

Consultations de
la notice

70

Téléchargements du document

10