Detection of vortex coherent structures in superfluid turbulence

Abstract : Filamentary regions of high vorticity irregularly form and disappear in the turbulent flows of classical fluids. We report an experimental comparative study of these so-called " coherent structures " in a classical versus quantum fluid, using liquid helium with a superfluid fraction varied from 0% up to 83%. The low pressure core of the vorticity filaments is detected by pressure probes located on the sidewall of a 78-cm-diameter Von Kármán cell driven up to record turbulent intensity (R λ ∼ √ Re 10000). The statistics of occurrence, magnitude and relative distribution of the filaments in a classical fluid are found indistinguishable from their superfluid counterpart, namely the bundles of quantized vortex lines. This suggest that the internal structure of vortex filaments, as well as their dissipative properties have a negligible impact on their macroscopic dynamics, such as lifetime and intermittent properties.
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Eléonore Rusaouen, Bernard Rousset, Philippe-Emmanuel Roche. Detection of vortex coherent structures in superfluid turbulence. EPL - Europhysics Letters, European Physical Society/EDP Sciences/Società Italiana di Fisica/IOP Publishing, 2017, 118, pp.14005. ⟨10.1209/0295-5075/118/14005⟩. ⟨hal-01528347v2⟩

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