Orienting edges to fight fire in graphs

Julien Bensmail 1 Nick Brettell 2
1 COATI - Combinatorics, Optimization and Algorithms for Telecommunications
COMRED - COMmunications, Réseaux, systèmes Embarqués et Distribués, CRISAM - Inria Sophia Antipolis - Méditerranée
Abstract : We investigate a new oriented variant of the Firefighter Problem. In the traditional Firefighter Problem, a fire breaks out at a given vertex of a graph, and at each time interval spreads to neighbouring vertices that have not been protected, while a constant number of vertices are protected at each time interval. In the version of the problem considered here, the firefighters are able to orient the edges of the graph before the fire breaks out, but the fire could start at any vertex. We consider this problem when played on a graph in one of several graph classes, and give upper and lower bounds on the number of vertices that can be saved. In particular, when one firefighter is available at each time interval, and the given graph is a complete graph, or a complete bipartite graph, we present firefighting strategies that are provably optimal. We also provide lower bounds on the number of vertices that can be saved as a function of the chromatic number, of the maximum degree, and of the treewidth of a graph. For a subcubic graph, we show that the firefighters can save all but two vertices, and this is best possible.
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The Australasian Journal of Combinatorics, Combinatorial Mathematics Society of Australasia (Inc.), 2018, 71 (1), pp.12-42
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Julien Bensmail, Nick Brettell. Orienting edges to fight fire in graphs. The Australasian Journal of Combinatorics, Combinatorial Mathematics Society of Australasia (Inc.), 2018, 71 (1), pp.12-42. 〈hal-01166577v2〉

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