Stability of non-autonomous difference equations with applications to transport and wave propagation on networks

Yacine Chitour 1, 2 Guilherme Mazanti 3, 2 Mario Sigalotti 2, 3
2 GECO - Geometric Control Design
CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique : UMR7641, X - École polytechnique, Inria Saclay - Ile de France
Abstract : In this paper, we address the stability of transport systems and wave propagation on networks with time-varying parameters. We do so by reformulating these systems as non-autonomous difference equations and by providing a suitable representation of their solutions in terms of their initial conditions and some time-dependent matrix coefficients. This enables us to characterize the asymptotic behavior of solutions in terms of such coefficients. In the case of difference equations with arbitrary switching, we obtain a delay-independent generalization of the well-known criterion for autonomous systems due to Hale and Silkowski. As a consequence, we show that exponential stability of transport systems and wave propagation on networks is robust with respect to variations of the lengths of the edges of the network preserving their rational dependence structure. This leads to our main result: the wave equation on a network with arbitrarily switching damping at external vertices is exponentially stable if and only if the network is a tree and the damping is bounded away from zero at all external vertices but at most one.
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Yacine Chitour, Guilherme Mazanti, Mario Sigalotti. Stability of non-autonomous difference equations with applications to transport and wave propagation on networks. Networks and Heterogeneous Media, AIMS-American Institute of Mathematical Sciences, 2016, 11, pp.563-601. ⟨10.3934/nhm.2016010⟩. ⟨hal-01139814v4⟩

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