Machining of complex-shaped parts with guidance curves

Abstract : Nowadays, high-speed machining is usually used for production of hardened material parts with complex shapes such as dies and molds. In such parts, tool paths generated for bottom machining feature with the conventional parallel plane strategy induced many feed rate reductions, especially when boundaries of the feature have a lot of curvatures and are not parallel. Several machining experiments on hardened material lead to the conclusion that a tool path implying stable cutting conditions might guarantee a better part surface integrity. To ensure this stability, the shape machined must be decomposed when conventional strategies are not suitable. In this paper, an experimental approach based on high-speed performance simulation is conducted on a master bottom machining feature in order to highlight the influence of the curvatures towards a suitable decomposition of machining area. The decomposition is achieved through the construction of intermediate curves between the closed boundaries of the feature. These intermediate curves are used as guidance curve for the tool paths generation with an alternative machining strategy called "guidance curve strategy". For the construction of intermediate curves, key parameters reflecting the influence of their proximity with each closed boundary and the influence of the curvatures of this latter are introduced. Based on the results, a method for defining guidance curves in four steps is proposed.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, July 3, 2013 - 2:15:10 PM
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Laurent Tapie, Bernardin Mawussi, Walter Rubio, Benoît Furet. Machining of complex-shaped parts with guidance curves. International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology, Springer Verlag, 2013, 69 (5), pp.1499-1509. ⟨10.1007/s00170-013-5120-9⟩. ⟨hal-00840882⟩

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