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Intervention targeted at nurses to improve venous thromboprophylaxis.

Jose Labarere 1, * Jean-Luc Bosson 2 Marie-Antoinette Sevestre 3 Elodie Sellier Cecile Richaud Annie Legagneux 
* Corresponding author
1 ThEMAS
TIMC-IMAG - Techniques de l'Ingénierie Médicale et de la Complexité - Informatique, Mathématiques et Applications, Grenoble - UMR 5525, CHU Grenoble
2 ThEMAS
TIMC-IMAG - Techniques de l'Ingénierie Médicale et de la Complexité - Informatique, Mathématiques et Applications, Grenoble - UMR 5525, CIC - Grenoble
3 TIMC-IMAG-ThEMAS - Techniques pour l'Evaluation et la Modélisation des Actions de la Santé
TIMC-IMAG - Techniques de l'Ingénierie Médicale et de la Complexité - Informatique, Mathématiques et Applications, Grenoble - UMR 5525
Abstract : OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness of an intervention targeting both physicians and nurses vs. physicians only in improving venous thromboprophylaxis for older patients. DESIGN: Cluster randomized trial. SETTING: Fifty hospital-based post-acute care departments in France. PARTICIPANTS: Patients aged 65 years or older. INTERVENTION: A multifaceted intervention to implement a clinical practice guideline addressing venous thromboprophylaxis. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The effectiveness outcomes were elastic stocking use, ambulation or mobilization under the supervision of a physical therapist and anticoagulant-based prophylaxis. Patient outcomes included deep vein thrombosis and anticoagulant-related adverse events. RESULTS: One department allocated to the intervention targeted at physicians only and seven departments allocated to the intervention targeted at both physicians and nurses dropped out of the study. Compared with the intervention targeted at physicians only (n = 497 patients), the intervention targeted at both physicians and nurses (n = 315 patients) was associated with a higher rate of mobilization (62 vs. 37%, P < 0.001) and comparable levels of elastic stocking (32 vs. 39%, P = 0.74) and anticoagulant (55 vs. 48%, P = 0.36) use. The rates of deep vein thrombosis (15 vs. 13%, P = 0.50), bleeding (1 vs. 1%, P = 0.99) and thrombocytopaenia (0 vs. 0.2%, P = 0.99) did not differ between the two groups. CONCLUSIONS: A multifaceted intervention targeting nurses in addition to physicians can increase the frequency of mobilization of older patients to prevent venous thromboembolism but does not alter the use of elastic stockings and anticoagulant. A differential drop-out of departments might have contributed to creating imbalances in baseline characteristics and outcomes in this study.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00198783
Contributor : Jose Labarere Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Monday, December 17, 2007 - 7:53:38 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, October 18, 2022 - 4:17:58 AM

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Jose Labarere, Jean-Luc Bosson, Marie-Antoinette Sevestre, Elodie Sellier, Cecile Richaud, et al.. Intervention targeted at nurses to improve venous thromboprophylaxis.. International Journal for Quality in Health Care, 2007, 19 (5), pp.301-8. ⟨10.1093/intqhc/mzm034⟩. ⟨hal-00198783⟩

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