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Influences of tongue biomechanics on speech movements during the production of velar stop consonants: a modeling study

Pascal Perrier 1 Yohan Payan 2 Majid Zandipour 3 Joseph Perkell 3
2 TIMC-GMCAO - Gestes Medico-chirurgicaux Assistés par Ordinateur
TIMC - Techniques de l'Ingénierie Médicale et de la Complexité - Informatique, Mathématiques et Applications, Grenoble - UMR 5525
Abstract : This study explores the following hypothesis: forward looping movements of the tongue that are observed in VCV sequences are due partly to the anatomical arrangement of the tongue muscles and how they are used to produce a velar closure. The study uses an anatomically based 2D biomechanical tongue model. Tissue elastic properties are accounted for in finite-element modeling, and movement is controlled by constant-rate control parameter shifts. Tongue raising and lowering movements are produced by the model with the combined actions of the genioglossus, styloglossus and hyoglossus. Simulations of V1CV2 movements were made, where C is a velar consonant and V is [a], [i] or [u]. If V1 is one of the vowels [a] and [u], the resulting trajectories describe movements that begin to loop forward before consonant closure and continue to slide along the palate during the closure. This prediction is in agreement with classical data published in the literature. If V1 is vowel [i], we observe a small backward movement. This is also in agreement with some measurements on human speakers, but it is also in contradiction with the original data published by Houde (1967). These observations support the idea that the biomechanical properties of the tongue could be the main factor responsible for the forward loops when V1 is a back vowel. In the left [i] context, it seems that additional factors have to be taken into considerations, in order to explain the observations made on some speakers
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Pascal Perrier, Yohan Payan, Majid Zandipour, Joseph Perkell. Influences of tongue biomechanics on speech movements during the production of velar stop consonants: a modeling study. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, Acoustical Society of America, 2003, 114 (3), pp.1582-1599. ⟨hal-00080414⟩

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