Skip to Main content Skip to Navigation
Theses

Ethnicités en miroir. Constructions sociales croisées de la blanchité et de l’africanité au prisme des mobilités touristiques et migratoires vers le Sénégal

Abstract : Based on six fieldwork studies conducted in several regions of Senegal (Petite Côte, Saloum, Saint-Louis, Oriental Senegal and Dakar), this thesis explores the social mechanisms which articulate class and race in different contexts of mobility and migration from Europe and North America. The trajectories, social practices and ways of socializing investigated are related to seaside and cultural tourism, individual entrepreneurship in post-tourist contexts, study abroad programs and professional voluntary service and expatriation (in teaching and international aid). These social and globalized settings, often addressed in distinct fields of research, underlie a cross analysis of the construction of two ethnicities – whiteness and africaness – considered as emic and etic notions. The social identities which they produce respond to one another and reveal recurring patterns in social hierarchy and racial confrontation throughout individual interactions and collective dynamics. They also echo logics of social stratification and classification within the Senegalese society, which are combined with cultural and ethnic representations, beyond skin color. The contexts of mobility and migration investigated are embedded into specific socio-historical backgrounds, transnational asymmetry of class and processes of identification based on religion, phenotype and gender. They all reflect the heuristic value of whiteness and its production of identity in social, racialized and ethnicized categorization, mirroring multiple meanings of africaness. Analyzing these mechanisms of social distinction in an African society such as Senegal leads to think of postcoloniality within the ambiguities of social spaces. It also questions the positionality of researchers through ethnography and knowledge production about Africa.
Document type :
Theses
Complete list of metadata

https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-03406660
Contributor : Hélène Quashie Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Thursday, October 28, 2021 - 12:08:07 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, November 17, 2021 - 12:32:46 PM

Identifiers

  • HAL Id : tel-03406660, version 1

Citation

Hélène Quashie. Ethnicités en miroir. Constructions sociales croisées de la blanchité et de l’africanité au prisme des mobilités touristiques et migratoires vers le Sénégal. Sciences de l'Homme et Société. Ecole des Hautes Etudes En Sciences Sociales; Université Paris Sciences & Lettres, 2018. Français. ⟨tel-03406660⟩

Share

Metrics

Les métriques sont temporairement indisponibles