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Le genre de la "question rom". Migrantes roumaines en France, de la vulnérabilité sociale à la constitution de sujets politiques.

Abstract : This thesis focuses on the gendered experiences of precarious mobility, apprehended through the migration of Roma women from Romania to France. It is based on a nine-month ethnography conducted in two bidonvilles of Seine-Saint-Denis, as well as on other studies in two associations (one for administrative support and one organizing a civil service program for young bidonvilles and squat inhabitants). To complement this fieldwork, this thesis also makes use of a number of formal and informal interviews, in particular with Roma and pro-Roma militants in France and in Romania, and of a collection of observations relating to associative and militant events which Roma living in Ile-de-France were invited to attend. The thesis shows that in a context of stigma and precariousness, Roma women take up new roles. The gendered division of tasks is upended by migration which calls into question the structures that uphold families and couples. Paradoxically, being classified as vulnerable by public policies that sort and select actually reinforces their agency, and contributes to their political subjectivation. This work proposes an analysis of the politics of (in)hospitality that lead to expulsions and that produce unequally distributed and unevenly recognized vulnerability. It also contests the presumed incompatibility between politics and vulnerability, based on the daily struggles in bidonvilles and the spaces that women occupy in order to represent themselves. In doing so, this thesis contributes to an improved understanding of “how it feels to be a problem” (W.E.B Du Bois, 1903) from the perspective of those whose voices are still barely audible, and yet who seek to be heard.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-03251130
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Submitted on : Sunday, June 6, 2021 - 12:35:35 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, November 3, 2021 - 5:56:37 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Tuesday, September 7, 2021 - 6:04:00 PM

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Anne-Cécile Caseau. Le genre de la "question rom". Migrantes roumaines en France, de la vulnérabilité sociale à la constitution de sujets politiques.. Etudes sur le genre. Université Paris 8 - Saint-Denis, 2020. Français. ⟨tel-03251130⟩

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