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Les préalables à l’émergence des échanges de regards spontanés avec l’autre chez l’enfant autiste

Abstract : Eye contact and attention express an active investment in others during social interaction. The gaze movement reflects an instinctive game between corporality and otherness. It also introduces an intersubjective space. A glance directed to others makes perceptible the intangible characteristics of this relational movement between one and others. The goal of the present thesis work is to question and identify prerequisites that support the emergence of eye contact for the autistic child. Our study shows that autistic children do not practice mandatory eye-contact avoidance. The sensory integration difficulties identified in autism, which are related to modulation, adjustment and synchronization, prevent the gaze from being supported by other sensorialities. Whereas the other's eye acts like a mobile mirror allowing identification, the autistic child can't fully take advantage of it depending on the evolution of his sensorial integration. The physical and subjective construction of the child remains precarious, as do the learning of relational implicit and communication. Nevertheless, thanks to qualitative and systematic micro-analysis of relational exchanges within a semi-structured situation as part of a standardized evaluation test, we identified precursors to the emergence of spontaneous and intersubjective eye contact in autistic children aged 2 to 4 years. Those sensorimotor precursors of the investment of the own body and emotional sharing, can be mobilized in the transferential link, in order to support the relaunch of the gaze's participation in figuration processes, but also to promote increasingly spontaneous and intentional gazes in intersubjective communication. This suggests interesting therapeutic avenues
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Submitted on : Saturday, April 17, 2021 - 11:49:08 AM
Last modification on : Sunday, April 18, 2021 - 3:22:29 AM


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  • HAL Id : tel-03201020, version 1


Émilie Charles. Les préalables à l’émergence des échanges de regards spontanés avec l’autre chez l’enfant autiste. Psychologie. Université de Paris, 2020. Français. ⟨NNT : 2020UNIP7045⟩. ⟨tel-03201020⟩



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