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Espaces et temps de la « production d’enfants ». Sociologie des grossesses ordinaires

Abstract : This dissertation seeks to problematize pregnancy as women’s work, regulated by institutions and shaped by gender, class and race. The analysis is based on interviews with pregnant women and their partners, and on observations conducted in two maternity wards (Île-de-France, 2014-2017). The dissertation shows that pregnancies are structured by a conjugal norm, which can be broken down according to conjugal scripts; it also highlights that the “right moment” (the procreative norm) to have a baby varies according to the trajectories and the social positions of women and their partners. It examines the role played by state and medical regulation in defining a specific temporality for gestation and in assigning pregnant women patient work. This work extends to the domestic space and temporality insofar as pregnant women are encouraged to modify their daily routines in order to minimize risks. The gendered division of domestic labor is only marginally altered during pregnancy, whereas the preparation for the arrival of the baby is taken on by women in addition to their ordinary tasks. In the context of salaried work, pregnancies appear only covertly, both illegitimate and ignored. Ordinary pregnancies reveal dimensions of wage-labor that are normally hidden, drawing attention to long and onerous work hours and occupational hazards.
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Contributor : Elsa Boulet <>
Submitted on : Friday, February 5, 2021 - 1:34:52 PM
Last modification on : Sunday, February 7, 2021 - 3:19:51 AM


  • HAL Id : tel-03132765, version 1


Elsa Boulet. Espaces et temps de la « production d’enfants ». Sociologie des grossesses ordinaires. Sociologie. Université Lumière (Lyon 2), 2020. Français. ⟨tel-03132765⟩



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