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Conception et évaluation de kits robotiques pédagogiques : Études écologiques et expérimentales sur l’impact de l’intégration de la robotique dans le milieu scolaire, en matière d’acceptabilité, de motivation et de connaissances

Thibault Desprez 1
1 Flowers - Flowing Epigenetic Robots and Systems
Inria Bordeaux - Sud-Ouest, U2IS - Unité d'Informatique et d'Ingénierie des Systèmes
Abstract : The potential of robotic educational activities, and in particular the role of the physical instantiation of these activities, in which the manipulation of digital objects is central, remains tobe confirmed scientifically ; especially in terms of real classroom usability and their impact onthe effectiveness of learning and the motivational engagement of students. Moreover, it seemsthat these impacts also depend on the way in which these pedagogical tools are used (anddiverted) by the teacher in class, as well as by the school context itself. For these reasons, thismanuscript proposes in a first step in articulating a state of art from a variety of disciplinaryfields, notably scientific, such as computer science and robotics, IHM, psychology, cognitivesciences, or the sciences of education ; but also to introduce elements of ethics and societalissues. This part also proposes to define our environment : the actors (target users : teachersand pupils), the prescriptions (objectives and needs of the official programs), the realities ofthe field (the constraints : budget, material, reform, training, etc.). In a second step, we willpresent the elements (hardware, software and resources) constituting the educational roboticskit Poppy ErgoJr ; co-created and tested by teachers mainly from high school sections of Aquitaine and the members of the Poppy Education project (Inria-BSO). Their creation process willalso be presented, as will the activities created for the purposes of the experiments presentedin the following section. But before this one, we will show two examples of derivations of thekit : PoppyDiplo and PoppyDragster, whose second ended with an experimentation on theimpact of the documentary resources on the feeling of control of the pupil (measured by theIMI) during a task of collaborative construction of a robot. A second experience, with ErgoJr,on the formalization of the resources provided and their motivational impact will be presented. Three other themes will be tackled : usability measured in a longitudinal and ecologicalframework (via the SUS and AttrakDiff) ; acceptability measured via Euro382, and an innovative questionnaire, studying the impact of the appointment of an object on the perception ofthis one ; and the acquisition of knowledge (via qcm). A qualitative study is also proposed inthis part, among others, through a case study on the appropriation of device by 10 teachers.We will end with a discussion of the questions raised in the introduction, and opening on thegeneral conclusion of this manuscript which will recall the main lessons of this work and itsfuture prospects.
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Thibault Desprez. Conception et évaluation de kits robotiques pédagogiques : Études écologiques et expérimentales sur l’impact de l’intégration de la robotique dans le milieu scolaire, en matière d’acceptabilité, de motivation et de connaissances. Informatique [cs]. Université de Bordeaux (UB), France, 2019. Français. ⟨tel-03003748v1⟩

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