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Les savoirs citoyens dans l'urbanisme participatif : regards croisés sur les expériences de Paris et de Cordoue

Abstract : This thesis focuses on citizen knowledge in participatory urban planning. Its questions the relevance of this category of analysis, which is also a principle of action, to study the participatory mechanisms that multiply for the last two decades in various contexts in Europe. From a theoretical framework at the crossroads of urban sociology, science studies and political sociology, the author led a comparative ethnographic investigation in Paris and Cordoba, Spain. The analysis follows the path of citizen knowledge, from its formation and its mobilization until its integration and its impact on the decision, making passing by its interactions with other protagonists’ knowledge. Distinguish different types of knowledge is useful for research and action because it legitimates citizen participation, describing their contribution to urban policies. The study of interactions between protagonists puts forward dialectics between legitimacy and power conflicts, and learning effects. Although participatory democracy opens the circle of knowledge in urban planning and shifts the boundaries between expert and lay knowledge, hierarchies are reintroduced in the citizen sphere as the most active participants are becoming more professional. Yet it is this professionalism that allows citizens to have an impact on the great urban transformations, combining the logics of knowledge and power. The recognition of citizen knowledge in decision-making improves local management and impulses urban innovation, but raises again the question of social justice within the city.
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  • HAL Id : tel-02982060, version 1


Héloïse Nez. Les savoirs citoyens dans l'urbanisme participatif : regards croisés sur les expériences de Paris et de Cordoue. Sociologie. Université Paris 8, 2010. Français. ⟨NNT : 2010PA083213⟩. ⟨tel-02982060⟩



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