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Archives, archivistique et logiques d’usage dans les territoires issus de la colonie de Madagascar de 1946 à nos jours

Abstract : Between 1960 and 1975, thanks to the decolonization process, two independent countries and one remaining French territory succeeded the former colony of Madagascar. The question of the evolution of the archival systems in this area, their potential diversification as well as their current maturity, is raised in this context. In Madagascar, in the Comoros as in Mayotte, the creation of archives has not materialized yet and still remains a commendable intention, which results from a lack of funding and because of political instability. Archival organizations fail to preserve all archives and collection focuses on the central level at the expense of the local one. A demand for them exists, but those who show an interest are largely composed of administrative staff and individuals whose documentary needs are often limited to consulting the Official Journal. The success of other research approaches is limited because of the scattering of funds and lack of research tools. Observations of user behaviors confirm the overrepresentation of administrative staff, the weak genealogical research and the existence of circumvention strategies of official conservation organizations. Beside them or out of them, private initiatives of backup and valorization of archives exist. They prove that a part of the population is interested in it, including expatriates. Beyond these common features, three archival destinies stand out: a Madagascan system still under construction based on already strong National Archives; a gradual normalization in Mayotte on a departmental model; the failure of the Comorian model which hampers all archival development.
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Charly Jollivet. Archives, archivistique et logiques d’usage dans les territoires issus de la colonie de Madagascar de 1946 à nos jours. Sciences de l'Homme et Société. Université Bretagne Loire, 2016. Français. ⟨tel-02484726⟩

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