Bourian ou la danse des maîtres. Circulations et enjeux identitaires des Agudàs, les Brésiliens du Bénin

Abstract : The Agudas, also known as "the Brazilians of Benin", are the descendants of both slave traders and former slaves who "returned" from Brazil to today's Benin, Togo and Nigeria during the 19th century. To this day, they base their identity on evocations of their Brazilian origins. One of the main identity markers of the Agudas is the festival of the Bourian (a Portuguese word meaning "little she-donkey"), which brings Christians and Muslims together around a codified masquerade, where samba tunes are sung – with no understanding of their lyrics – in Portuguese, a language that is no longer spoken in this region of Africa. The various Bourian groups, often in competition with each other, evoke in a playful way their Brazilian ancestors, in a dynamic context where each local population carries out masquerades related to the vodoun. Focusing on Southern Benin, this thesis aims to understand the meaning of the Bourian, as well as the identity issues and circulations in which the Bourian is involved, while keeping an historical and comparative perspective with Brazil.
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Joao de Athayde. Bourian ou la danse des maîtres. Circulations et enjeux identitaires des Agudàs, les Brésiliens du Bénin. Anthropologie sociale et ethnologie. Aix-Marseille Université, 2018. Français. ⟨tel-02116276⟩

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