Du statère au sesterce. Rome et la Gaule septentrionale et orientale (150 av. J.-C. – 50 ap. J.-C.)

Abstract : This work sets out to explore the processes that led to the integration of northern and eastern Gaul into the Roman world, from 150 BC to AD 50, focusing in particular on the use of coinage in indigenous societies. The material basis of the study are stratified coins found in precisely dated contexts, put into sequence and carefully analysed in their historical, social and economic context. What emerges from this research is that, as early as the 2nd c. BC, Rome had regular diplomatic relations with a number of Gallic tribes from the study area (Aedui, Treveri, Sequani). Nevertheless, one cannot talk of a real integration into the Roman sphere. This integration only occured in the second half of Augustus’ reign, which appears, rather than Caesar’s conquest, to be the crucial step. The first half of the 1st c. AD can be seen as the last stage of an evolution initiated several decades earlier. This research also disproves a long-standing and still widespread idea : monetisation was not an outcome of the Roman conquest. If incorporation into the Roman empire did bring an economic integration of the new provinces, it had little influence over the monetisation ratio in the study area. It turns out that, at the time of the conquest, the use of coinage and money was already an important feature of most Gallic communities. This is a significant fact that should not be overlooked when studying the economy of the Roman Republic and the Roman Empire.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, March 6, 2019 - 11:47:36 AM
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  • HAL Id : tel-02009782, version 1

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Stéphane Martin. Du statère au sesterce. Rome et la Gaule septentrionale et orientale (150 av. J.-C. – 50 ap. J.-C.). Histoire. Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013EPHE4018⟩. ⟨tel-02009782⟩

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