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Some advances in patch-based image denoising

Abstract : This thesis studies non-local methods for image processing, and their application to various tasks such as denoising. Natural images contain redundant structures, and this property can be used for restoration purposes. A common way to consider this self-similarity is to separate the image into "patches". These patches can then be grouped, compared and filtered together.In the first chapter, "global denoising" is reframed in the classical formalism of diagonal estimation and its asymptotic behaviour is studied in the oracle case. Precise conditions on both the image and the global filter are introduced to ensure and quantify convergence.The second chapter is dedicated to the study of Gaussian priors for patch-based image denoising. Such priors are widely used for image restoration. We propose some ideas to answer the following questions: Why are Gaussian priors so widely used? What information do they encode about the image?The third chapter proposes a probabilistic high-dimensional mixture model on the noisy patches. This model adopts a sparse modeling which assumes that the data lie on group-specific subspaces of low dimensionalities. This yields a denoising algorithm that demonstrates state-of-the-art performance.The last chapter explores different way of aggregating the patches together. A framework that expresses the patch aggregation in the form of a least squares problem is proposed.
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  • HAL Id : tel-01954299, version 2

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Antoine Houdard. Some advances in patch-based image denoising. Image Processing [eess.IV]. Université Paris-Saclay, 2018. English. ⟨NNT : 2018SACLT005⟩. ⟨tel-01954299v2⟩

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