L’émergence des significations chez le monteur son, au cours de la recherche et de la sélection des sons : une approche communicationnelle et cognitive

Abstract : Several years ago, the SATIS department of the University of Aix-Marseille and the ASTRAM laboratory initiated the development of an online sound library entitled "Sons du Sud". This database specialized in the sound environment of the Mediterranean basin is intended for sound professionals and more specifically, sound editors, in the film and audiovisual sectors. The current objective of PRISM, our new research unit, is to develop a new indexing method of sound atmospheres for Sons du Sud breaking with the logic of causal indexation most widely used. Indeed, it appears that, from the perspective of a cinematographic or audiovisual exploitation, a sound environment is rarely selected based on criteria exclusively related to its acoustic origin but also related to the potential meanings it is able to take on with the other materials of filmic expression, the functions it is likely to fulfill, the links it maintains with what the film expresses, and so on. We can then ask ourselves, as the semiotician Gérard Chandès did, if it is not rather this "information potential" which the semantic descriptors used by the current sound libraries should try to make explicit. As a result, "the adjustment of research to the different purposes of use leads the study on the field of the semiopragmatics. It implies a reflection on the input modes of one identified sound or another by the user" (Chandès, 2010, author’s translation). Therefore, this thesis is a preliminary step in the development of a new indexing method: in order to meet the requirements of Sons du Sud sound library, it seems essential to devote ourselves entirely to a better understanding of the contributing factors that change the "system of relevance" of its main users, to examine further what guides their approach, polarizes their listening and influences their searches and selections.
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Jean-Michel Denizart. L’émergence des significations chez le monteur son, au cours de la recherche et de la sélection des sons : une approche communicationnelle et cognitive . Art et histoire de l'art. Aix-Marseille Université, 2017. Français. ⟨tel-01817342⟩

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