Contribution à la continuité de service des convertisseurs statiques multiniveaux

Abstract : This thesis deals with continuity of service of multilevel power converters, during the failure of one of their power components. The studied converter topologies are the following, widely used in industrial applications: Neutral Point Clamped (NPC) and Neutral Point Piloted (NPP) or T-Type. First, to reduce the failure rate of the converter, an advanced control is proposed ; it increases the lifetime of the power components by minimizing the number of switchings over a period. This idea is based on the fact that a multilevel converter makes possible to generate the same output voltage level from several different switching sequences. The principle of the proposed control will be developed in a general way. Then, it is applied to the cases of 5-level "H-bridge" topologies, NPP (or T-Type) and NPC. Then, the continuity of service in nominal mode is studied for a 5 level "H-brige" NPP (or T-Type) converter, when an open circuit failure occurs on a power component. We first propose a fault diagnosis, consisting in a fault detection step, followed by the location of the faulty component. Then, an original fault-tolerant converter topology will ensure the continuity of service of the system, by modifying the control according to the localized faulty component. Reconfigurable digital electronic architectures based on Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA) components will be dedicated to the diagnosis and the reconfiguration of the control; they will perform high temporal performances. All the results presented in this paper are validated by modeling and simulation. Then, they are experimentally validated on a test bench
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Florent Becker. Contribution à la continuité de service des convertisseurs statiques multiniveaux. Energie électrique. Université de Lorraine, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017LORR0202⟩. ⟨tel-01813413⟩

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