Archéologie des élites rurales ordinaires dans le Bassin parisien (IIIe-XVIIIe siècle)

Abstract : This PhD seeks to demonstrate that archaeology, through variety of settlement types, can register the lowest levels of rural elite hierarchies and contribute to recognise the wide spectrum of intermediary social circles ― aristocracy as peasantry. The approach aimed at looking for material expressions of strategies of social climbing and anchoring, associated with land exploitation and income. The criteria are sifted out from ordinary social practices, settlement structuration, spatial, economical and cultural choices of those groups. The first step of the analysis was dedicated to the historiographical revision of “elites” and “places of power” concepts, respectively broadened to the peasant world and to a wider sample of archaeological sites. The second step presents, by concentrating on their elite characteristics, the sites gathered in a corpus, first the case studies from a personal practice of preventive archaeology, then the comparison sites selected in the Parisian Basin. The third and final step discusses the relevance and the relativity of the archaeological estimators of social distinction adapted to smaller social scales. It concludes with a reinterrogation of our frames of interpretation on two issues: first, the low legibility of small elite sites engaged in an recycling economy, then the low legibility of acculturation processes of elites looking for social climbing and anchoring at the end of late Antiquity.
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Séverine Hurard. Archéologie des élites rurales ordinaires dans le Bassin parisien (IIIe-XVIIIe siècle). Archéologie et Préhistoire. Université Paris I Sorbonne, 2017. Français. ⟨tel-01763657⟩

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