Les fabriques de la "paix sociale". Acteurs et enjeux de la régulation sociale (Grenoble, 1842-1938)

Abstract : This PhD analyses the forms of social protection regulation implemented by local actors in Grenoble (French Alps) in the 19th century and in the first half of the 20th century. In the eyes of the elite, who participates more or less actively in their creation according to the socio-political circumstances, this regulation needs to assure the ‘social peace’. The population considered at risk is thus concerned in the first place: craftsmen during the 19th century, and the population of industry workers in the first half of the 20th century. The specificity of this research resides in its micro historical methodology. On the one hand, it investigates individual and collective actors conceiving and managing the regulatory organisms, as well as their life’s course, knowledge and know-how. On the other hand, it enquires the beneficiaries of those organisms, their life routes and the protection strategies they deployed. This work shows that collective protection regulation emancipates from its social environment at the end of the 19th century. This emancipation is both physical and social. At the turning point of the 19th and 20th centuries, the knowledge and know-how of the popular social class are disqualified, to the benefit of a form of objectification of social policies. This objectification, conducted by the new republican elites, is implemented apart from its social terrain and the strategies of social regulation. As of the dawn of the 20th century, the popular classes still participate only marginally in the management of social policies.
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Julien Caranton. Les fabriques de la "paix sociale". Acteurs et enjeux de la régulation sociale (Grenoble, 1842-1938). Histoire. Université Grenoble - Alpes, 2017. Français. ⟨tel-01716920⟩

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