Que peuvent nous apprendre les productions écrites des sourds ? Analyse de lectes écrits de personnes sourdes pour une contribution à la didactique du français écrit en formation d’adultes

Abstract : This thesis focuses on linguistic features frequently encountered in the writings of profound prelingual deaf persons. Our aim was to investigate (1) the existence of a linguistic system specific to the deaf people, often identified in the literature as "deaf French" or “Français sourd” (Lacerte 1989, Nadeau 1993); (2) any common characteristics between this “Deaf French” and learners’ varieties (Klein and Perdue, 1993); and (3) the assumption of a typical cognitive functioning of the deaf, which would explain the presence of specific linguistic forms and choices of information to convey, both in signing and oral deaf. During writing workshops, we collected a corpus of narratives produced by profound prelingual deaf adults having different linguistic and educational profiles. In parallel, we also gathered writings from two control groups of hearing adults (FFL and FNL) who performed the same task. Our analyzes show that (1) the "deaf French" is to be defined rather as a pattern of features, whose density is the highest among intermediate deaf writers; (2) if the strategies used by the deaf people are the same as L2 learners’ strategies, some of the forms used are specific to deaf people and could be explained by the visual salience in the organization and transmission of information; (3) and if there is some proof for a "deaf norm", which is based on a cognitive functioning framed by deafness, the high writing level of some deaf persons indicates that it is absolutely possible for this particular public to be perfectly competent in writing.
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Marie Perini. Que peuvent nous apprendre les productions écrites des sourds ? Analyse de lectes écrits de personnes sourdes pour une contribution à la didactique du français écrit en formation d’adultes. Linguistique. UNIVERSITE PARIS 8, LABORATOIRE SFL, 2013. Français. ⟨tel-01710587⟩

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