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Contribution to the Triazole-Based Fe(II) Spin-Crossover (SCO) materials : some achievements and new questions

Abstract : In recent years, the spin-crossover (SCO) materials have attracted much interest because of their potential applications such as sensors or electronic displays; these complexes typically exhibit - via an external disturbance (e.g. temperature, radiation) - a reversible “High Spin (HS) Low Spin (LS)” spin transition. In this context, the present work has focused on the design and the magneto-structural investigations of single crystals of novel FeII SCO systems based on 4-R-1,2,4-triazole ligands including an alkyl spacer - with either (i) inorganic tetracyanometallates ([M(CN)4]2-, M = NiII, PtII, PdII) or (ii) specific organic cyanocarbanions ((tcnsR’)-: 1,1,3,3-tetracyano-2-thioalkylpropenide anions) - in order to ultimately understand the physicochemical origin of the strong cooperativity in such striking materials, but also to rationalize the tuning of the SCO properties. At first, a new 1D polymer [Fe(bntrz)3][Pt(CN)4].H2O (1) salt - exhibiting an abrupt spin transition and an exceptional resilience upon repeated switching - has been synthesized; the accurate single crystal investigations of both HS and LS states of the latter clearly revealed the impact of the longrange interactions on SCO properties in this system. Then, the substitution of the ‘rigid’ [Pt(CN)4]2- tetracyanometallate anion by the more ‘flexible’ (tcnset)- entity lead us to the first example of triazole-based SCO FeII trinuclear neutral complex [Fe3(bntrz)6(tcnset)6] (2) exhibiting a complete one-step spin transition above room temperature. The systematic variation of the R’ substituent from the functionalized (tcnsR’)- anion resulted in two new FeII SCO systems, i.e. the neutral trinuclear complex [Fe3(bntrz)6(tcnspr)6] (3) and the 1D [Fe3(bntrz)8(tcnsme)4](tcnsme)2.4H2O (4) derivative, with distinct structural characteristics and SCO behaviours. Finally, with the purpose to further evaluate the impact of different substituents at the 4th position onto 1,2,4-triazole ligand, two new 3D materials based on the functionalised triazole 2-(3-(4H-1,2,4-triazol-4-yl)propyl)isoindoline-1,3-dione (phtptrz) - {Fe3(μ2-phtptrz)6[μ2-Pt(CN)4]3}.C2H5OH,5.5H2O (5) and {Fe(phtptrz)[Pt(CN)4].H2O} (6) - have been synthesized and characterized; a two-step SCO behaviour is observed only in 5, while 6 shows a characteristic paramagnetic behavior.
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Narsimhulu Pittala. Contribution to the Triazole-Based Fe(II) Spin-Crossover (SCO) materials : some achievements and new questions. Other. Université de Bretagne occidentale - Brest, 2016. English. ⟨NNT : 2016BRES0084⟩. ⟨tel-01591497⟩

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