Professionnaliser pour "marchandiser" (et inversement) : Quand l'Etat accompagne les associations employeuses

Abstract : In this thesis, we study the relationship between not-for-profit organisations and public authorities through the lense of the local support measure (DLA, dispositif local d’accompagnement). In the first part of the thesis, we focus on the genesis and shape of the DLA. We observe that the DLA is a policy of public employment, implementation of which is delegated to supporting structures, and that its action is intended to help employing organizations to maintain the jobs they provide and consolidate their economic model. Study of the origin of this public policy shows the state's growing interest in non-govornmental organisations from an economic point of view, specifically their importance in the job market. In the second part, we focus on the people who implement the DLA, the agents of this public policy. Although we observe that the policy has structure, the job description of professionals who implement the DLA remains "open"; they have large margins in the realization of their work. Despite this flexibility, they share the concern for employment and job creation. This analysis leads us to suggest that the subject device to a form of government by the accompaniment. Finally, in the third part, we describe the impact of the DLA on its ‘modern professional’ beneficiaries. The ‘associative enterprises’ are pushed to structure their work organization and diversify their resources, but also to mobilize for their jobs. The DLA is also involved in implementing management systems in the job-providing organisations: these are both strategically appropriated by non-for-profit directors by the authorities. Finally, the study of relationships between associations and public authorities shows that they are fragmented, producing an uncertain and competitive environment for these organisations. The dynamics observed provide lessons that exceed the effects of DLA; indeed, the policy simply accelerates an ongoing process. The changes observed at work in the employing organisations appear to be the result of changes in the environment of such organisations, which is, in turn, largely determined by the government.
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Simon Cottin-Marx. Professionnaliser pour "marchandiser" (et inversement) : Quand l'Etat accompagne les associations employeuses. Science politique. Université Paris Est Marne-la-vallée, 2016. Français. ⟨tel-01416840⟩

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