La production de l’urbain durable. L’enrôlement des concepteurs et des habitants par l’intégration des contradictions

Abstract : The influence of neoliberalism on the production of urban spaces results in the commodification of spaces, the competition between cities, and the metropolisation process. It also generates the spread of watchwords, among which “project”, “sustainable urban development”, “participation” and “social diversity” are the most common. This creates contradictions between the rhetorical and practical aspects of the urban production: the opposition between the theoretically infinite horizon of the urban project on one side, and its realization in timed operations on the other side ; the gap between the values of sustainable urban development, and its achievements dictated by economic imperatives ; the contradiction between the injunction to participate and urban planning as a practice that remains top down ; the gap between advocated social diversity and socially selective urbanization. These contradictions are identified by both designers and inhabitants. However, despite their criticism, the level of conflict in contemporary urban production remains low. Therefore, this work aims to understand and explain which function these contradictions occupy, since they do not lead to an opposition. To achieve this objective, the thesis bases itself on structural constructivism, and the use of representations. Access to the representations of inhabitants and designers is achieved through the collection and analysis of their discourses on two emblematic projects, that are approached as mediation apparatuses of their representations: Bottière-Chénaie in Nantes and Confluence in Lyon. The analysis shows that the contradictions that were identified are integrated into the production mode. Their function is to mobilize: they are part of the enrollment of designers and inhabitants in the contemporary urban production.
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Contributor : Matthieu Adam <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, July 20, 2016 - 11:38:40 AM
Last modification on : Monday, March 26, 2018 - 12:38:31 PM

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Matthieu Adam. La production de l’urbain durable. L’enrôlement des concepteurs et des habitants par l’intégration des contradictions. Géographie. Université François-Rabelais de Tours, 2016. Français. ⟨tel-01347049⟩

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