S'engager en parentalité et créer son activité. : L'entreprise paradoxale des Mompreneurs en France (2008-2014)

Abstract : This thesis focuses on women-created business. It asks to what extent self-employment may foster a better work/life balance and redefine gender. Mompreneurs offered an opportunity to challenge this issue : as they gathered in organizations that appeared in 2008 in France, these women describe themselves as executives who created their own independent business after having a child. Based on an investigation combining three methods among one of the French Mompreneurs organizations (an online and offline three-year ethnography, a quantitative study launched in September 2013 and 55 biographies) and a secondary investigation among actors of the field of the cause of women leaders, the results are presented in three parts. First of all, the scrutiny of public policies sustaining business creation, of the work to identify the Mompreneurs as a social group and of the characteristics of its members reveal the mirage that constitutes the democratization of individual economic initiative. Regarding Mompreneurs, it touches women from middle to upper classes who mainly create small businesses. The second part shows that after the degradation of their links to waged-employment, unrelated to the process of becoming a parent, Mompreneurs lead businesses that are more a reflection of their own Self than a wish to be economically thriving. It helps them to put away stigmas like being a housewife or an unemployed person. If some of them do succeed in better articulating their engagements thanks to the mobilization of many resources, Mompreneurs firstly gather around parental practices that are child-centered, demanding and essentialized. The pervading conservative morals which are studied in the last movement reveal some distinctive effects and how they stay limited: the incidents observed all along the careers show how downgrading and weakening this so-called access to economic responsibility can be, added to the gender performance infused in the way they intend to be parents.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, May 17, 2016 - 10:31:11 PM
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Julie Landour. S'engager en parentalité et créer son activité. : L'entreprise paradoxale des Mompreneurs en France (2008-2014). Sociologie. EHESS - Paris, 2015. Français. ⟨tel-01317055⟩

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