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Les pratiques des femmes âgées sur les promenades balnéaires en Bretagne : processus de vieillissement et citadinité

Abstract : As in many Northern countries, the elderly population in France represents an important increasing part of the population. Generally there are more elderly women than men, and this number increases, as the elderly women get even older. The feminisation of the elderly population raises important issues. It leads one to reflect on the position provided to older women in our society. The goal of this thesis is to look at the specific practices of elderly women on seaside promenade. This spaces are chosen to question citadinité. Examining the relationship between the community and the behaviors of these women, regarding their required space, their anchor and their sociability, the citadinité assess the inclusion of the elderly persons in the society. It helps,especially, to see how the process of aging works in these dynamics of inclusion.Strolls on waterfronts allows the use of space with others, one’s self realization when facing retirement, and the drive to still be an active participant as one ages. These waterfront walksare rich fieldworks to grasp the assimilation of the aged women’s citadinité with their inclusion in the community. Looking at the life course of elderly women (familial,professional, residential), the analysis has shown a grand diversity of modes of inclusion in relation to the space. The application of the notion of déprise, a form of disengagement which looks at the evolution of use of space ,through aging showing on what people « give up » and « hold on», allows to investigate the level of maintenance of social inclusion in the community. Through these characteristics, waterfront walks offers to aging women a resourceful space to readjust practices as the disengagement suggests it, allowing the maintenance of the citadinité. The waterfront walk allows, through the practices, to express oneself, but in various forms as long as the search for social relationships, fresh air,independence, autonomy, novelty, have the power to establish the women’s citadinité through aging.
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Mathilde Bigo. Les pratiques des femmes âgées sur les promenades balnéaires en Bretagne : processus de vieillissement et citadinité. Géographie. Université Rennes 2, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015REN20002⟩. ⟨tel-01303613⟩



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