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Theses

Photodégradation des résines naturelles : application au domaine artistique

Abstract : This thesis presents a study on the photochemical degradation of natural resins used in the manufacture of painting varnishes. Following the literature, five resins were chosen for our experiments: sandarac, Manila copal, colophony, mastic and dammar. Varnishes were made from those resins dissolved in alcohol, oil or turpentine spirit, as found in old recipes. They were then photo-aged by irradiation under artificial light. The study by infrared spectrometry enabled the identification of the type of resin. Although various specific absorption bands were highlighted, they tend to disappear all along the photoageing process. Nevertheless, the C-H band situated between 2850 and 3050 cm-1 allows to separate diterpenic and triterpenic resins and the analysis by principal components can help the identification. Thanks to the study by GC-MS we could identify most of the molecules present in our varnishes by developing the fragmentation study in mass spectrometry. An advanced study of the molecules behaviour was done, especially by MS/MS experiments. Four photo-degradation reactions were observed: isomerisation, cleavage, hydroxylation and Norrish I oxidation of the terpenoids. The choice of the solvent used in the varnish can affect its composition and degradation kinetic, mostly for oil varnishes. Besides, a window pane placed before the varnish will influence the photochemical mechanisms. Ancient varnishes collected by conservator-restorers were analysed and identified thanks to the database elaborated from our results, validating our methodology. The first experiments of molecularly imprinted polymers were carried out with some encouraging results for the analysis of mixed terpenoids
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Clara Azemard. Photodégradation des résines naturelles : application au domaine artistique. Autre. Université d'Avignon, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014AVIG0255⟩. ⟨tel-01149164⟩

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