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Eau et pouvoir. Les échelles des mouvements contestataires et révolutionnaires en Bolivie et au Venezuela

Abstract : The appropriation of water production and supply mechanisms constitutes a strategic power issue for the control of the basic living conditions that have an impact both individual and collective. From a former national public sector to a private transnational appropriation, water services are now subject to contentious and revolutionaries movements who militate for a democratic organization of the power exercise. Who are the actors and what are the mechanisms responsible for the inequalities of access to water? At what scale(s) must be distributed resources and skills regarding the water services? Overall, in which political project of social transformation those claims fit into? In order to answer these questions, the research is divided in two parts: one is theoretical, while the other one takes a more empirical look. First of all, an analytic frame using an articulation of the marxian and foucaldian systems of thoughts has been made up to study domination and emancipation scales. Then, the question of analyzing the scalar dimension of the antiglobalization movement and the socialist revolutions in Bolivia and in Venezuela as emerged, considering that they both defend a democratization of the services and further the universalization of the access to water. Taking these contentious and revolutionaries movements "at their word" has implied studying the laws and discourses they produce (using a critical discourse analysis) and the collective action effects on the social reality (by making observations and conducting interviews) of actors involved in these socio-political processes.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, February 26, 2014 - 11:57:01 AM
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  • HAL Id : tel-00952142, version 1


Mathieu Uhel. Eau et pouvoir. Les échelles des mouvements contestataires et révolutionnaires en Bolivie et au Venezuela. Géographie. Université de Caen, 2013. Français. ⟨tel-00952142⟩



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