Les gravettiens des Pyrénées. Des armes aux sociétés

Abstract : This PhD sets a study of technical systems, subsistence-settlement strategies and symbolic practices in Gravettian (34000-25000 years before present). A first part presents a technological study of gravettian lithic projectile elements from caves of Brassempouy (Landes) and Isturitz (Pyrénées-Atlantiques) located about forty kilometers from each other. A second part develops a regional approach of Gravettian at the level of the Pyrenees. The archaeological sites studied are located in France and Spain, between the Garonne and the Ebro. Their comparative study is based both with bibliographical data and new studies of the lithic industry from the sites of Tercis (Landes) and Mugarduia Sur (Navarra). These comparisons enable some conclusions to be drawn regarding the hypothesize of semi-sedantary occupations at Gravettian. A third and final part extends the comparisons to the whole French and European territory and proposes reflections based on the technical, artistic and symbolic fields. Starting from the finding of a special value imparted to some Brassempouy’s lithic points, this academic work bring new clues in favour of a unitarian and European reading of the gravettian phenomenon previously illustrated by the female figurines. Thus, the recurrence of some lithic points - shouldered points being the most obvious example - within the big gravettian centers as Brassempouy, The Balzi Rossi, Willendorf or Kostienki gives shape to the fully European dimension of the Gravettian. If the feminine symbolism illustrated by the Venus retains a central place, it would represent only one element of the technical, symbolic and ideological structure of gravettian Europe.
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Aurélien Simonet. Les gravettiens des Pyrénées. Des armes aux sociétés. Archéologie et Préhistoire. Université Toulouse le Mirail - Toulouse II, 2009. Français. ⟨NNT : 2009TOU20075⟩. ⟨tel-00861372⟩

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