Reader Anti-Collision in Dense RFID Networks With Mobile Tags

Abstract : In a Radio-Frequency IDentification network, while several readers are placed close together to improve coverage and consequently read rate, reader-reader collision problems happen frequently and inevitably. High probability of collision not only impairs the benefit of multi-reader deployment, but also results in misreadings in moving RFID tags. In order to eliminate or reduce reader collisions, we propose an Adaptive Color based Reader Anti-collision Scheduling algorithm (ACoRAS) for 13.56 MHz RFID technology where every reader is assigned a set of colors that allows it to read tags during a specific time slot within a time frame. Only the reader holding a color (token) can read at a time. Due to application constraints, the number of available colors should be limited, a perfect coloring scheme is not always feasible. ACoRAS tries to assign colors in such a way that overlapping areas at a given time are reduced. To the best of our knowledge ACoRAS is the first reader anti-collision algorithm which considers, within its design, both application and hardware requirements in reading tags. We show, through extensive simulations, that ACoRAS outperforms several anticollision methods and detects more than 99% of mobile tags while fitting application requirements.
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https://hal.inria.fr/inria-00599127
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Submitted on : Wednesday, September 21, 2011 - 5:04:56 PM
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Essia Hamouda, Nathalie Mitton, David Simplot-Ryl. Reader Anti-Collision in Dense RFID Networks With Mobile Tags. IEEE International Conference on RFID-Technologies and Applications (RFID-TA 2011), Sep 2011, Barcelona, Spain. ⟨inria-00599127⟩

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