Discovery of variable VHE gamma-ray emission from the binary system 1FGL J1018.6-5856

A. Abramowski F. Aharonian F. Ait Benkhali A. G. Akhperjanian E. O. Angüner M. Backes A. Balzer Y. Becherini J. Becker Tjus D. Berge S. Bernhard K. Bernlöhr E. Birsin R. Blackwell M. Böttcher C. Boisson J. Bolmont 1 P. Bordas J. Bregeon 2 F. Brun P. Brun M. Bryan T. Bulik J. Carr 3 S. Casanova N. Chakraborty R. Chalme-Calvet 1 R. C. G. Chaves 2 A. Chen M. Chrétien S. Colafrancesco G. Cologna J. Conrad C. Couturier 1 Y. Cui I. D. Davids B. Degrange 4 C. Deil P. Dewilt A. Djannati-Ataï 5 W. Domainko A. Donath L. O'C. Drury G. Dubus K. Dutson J. Dyks M. Dyrda T. Edwards K. Egberts P. Eger J. -P. Ernenwein 3 P. Espigat 5 C. Farnier S. Fegan 4 F. Feinstein 2 M. V. Fernandes D. Fernandez 2 A. Fiasson 6 G. Fontaine 4 A. Förster M. Füßling S. Gabici 5 M. Gajdus Y. A. Gallant 2 T. Garrigoux 1 G. Giavitto B. Giebels 4 J. F. Glicenstein D. Gottschall A. Goyal M. -H. Grondin 7 M. Grudzińska D. Hadasch S. Häffner J. Hahn J. Hawkes G. Heinzelmann G. Henri G. Hermann O. Hervet A. Hillert J. A. Hinton W. Hofmann P. Hofverberg C. Hoischen M. Holler 4 D. Horns A. Ivascenko A. Jacholkowska 1 C. Jahn M. Jamrozy M. Janiak F. Jankowsky I. Jung-Richardt M. A. Kastendieck K. Katarzyński U. Katz D. Kerszberg 1 B. Khélifi 5 M. Kieffer 1 S. Klepser D. Klochkov W. Kluźniak D. Kolitzus Nu. Komin K. Kosack S. Krakau F. Krayzel 6 P. P. Krüger H. Laffon 7 G. Lamanna 6 J. Lau J. Lefaucheur 5 V. Lefranc A. Lemière M. Lemoine-Goumard 7 J. -P. Lenain 1 T. Lohse A. Lopatin C. -C. Lu R. Lui V. Marandon A. Marcowith 2 C. Mariaud 4 R. Marx G. Maurin 6 N. Maxted M. Mayer P. J. Meintjes U. Menzler M. Meyer A. M. W. Mitchell R. Moderski M. Mohamed K. Morå E. Moulin T. Murach M. De Naurois 4 J. Niemiec L. Oakes H. Odaka S. Öttl S. Ohm E. de Oña Wilhelmi B. Opitz M. Ostrowski I. Oya M. Panter R. D. Parsons M. Paz Arribas N. W. Pekeur G. Pelletier P. -O. Petrucci B. Peyaud S. Pita H. Poon H. Prokoph G. Pühlhofer M. Punch A. Quirrenbach S. Raab I. Reichardt 5 A. Reimer O. Reimer M. Renaud 2 R. de Los Reyes F. Rieger C. Romoli S. Rosier-Lees 6 G. Rowell B. Rudak C. B. Rulten V. Sahakian D. Salek D. A. Sanchez A. Santangelo M. Sasaki R. Schlickeiser F. Schüssler A. Schulz U. Schwanke S. Schwemmer A. S. Seyffert R. Simoni H. Sol F. Spanier G. Spengler F. Spies Ł. Stawarz R. Steenkamp C. Stegmann F. Stinzing K. Stycz I. Sushch J. -P. Tavernet 1 T. Tavernier 5 A. M. Taylor R. Terrier 5 M. Tluczykont C. Trichard 6 K. Valerius J. Van Der Walt C. Van Eldik B. Van Soelen G. Vasileiadis 2 J. Veh C. Venter A. Viana P. Vincent 1 J. Vink F. Voisin H. J. Völk T. Vuillaume S. J. Wagner P. Wagner R. M. Wagner M. Weidinger Q. Weitzel R. White A. Wierzcholska P. Willmann A. Wörnlein D. Wouters R. Yang V. Zabalza D. Zaborov 4 M. Zacharias A. A. Zdziarski A. Zech F. Zefi N. Żywucka
Abstract : Re-observations with the H.E.S.S. telescope array of the very-high-energy (VHE) source HESS J1018-589 A coincident with the Fermi-LAT $\gamma$-ray binary 1FGL J1018.6-5856 have resulted in a source detection significance of more than 9$\sigma$, and the detection of variability ($\chi^2$/$\nu$ of 238.3/155) in the emitted $\gamma$-ray flux. This variability confirms the association of HESS J1018-589 A with the high-energy $\gamma$-ray binary detected by Fermi-LAT, and also confirms the point-like source as a new very-high-energy binary system. The spectrum of HESS J1018-589 A is best fit with a power-law function with photon index $\Gamma = 2.20 \pm 0.14_{\rm stat} \pm 0.2_{\rm sys}$. Emission is detected up to ~20 TeV. The mean differential flux level is $(2.9 \pm 0.4)\times10^{-13}$ TeV$^{-1}$ cm$^{-2}$ s$^{-1}$ at 1 TeV, equivalent to ~1% of the flux from the Crab Nebula at the same energy. Variability is clearly detected in the night-by-night lightcurve. When folded on the orbital period of 16.58 days, the rebinned lightcurve peaks in phase with the observed X-ray and high-energy phaseograms. The fit of the H.E.S.S. phaseogram to a constant flux provides evidence of periodicity at the level of 3$\sigma$. The shape of the VHE phaseogram and measured spectrum suggest a low inclination, low eccentricity system with a modest impact from VHE $\gamma$-ray absorption due to pair production ($\tau$ < 1 at 300 GeV).
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Astronomy and Astrophysics - A&A, EDP Sciences, 2015, 577, pp.A131. 〈10.1051/0004-6361/201525699〉
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Soumis le : vendredi 3 avril 2015 - 15:50:24
Dernière modification le : mardi 26 septembre 2017 - 01:39:32

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A. Abramowski, F. Aharonian, F. Ait Benkhali, A. G. Akhperjanian, E. O. Angüner, et al.. Discovery of variable VHE gamma-ray emission from the binary system 1FGL J1018.6-5856. Astronomy and Astrophysics - A&A, EDP Sciences, 2015, 577, pp.A131. 〈10.1051/0004-6361/201525699〉. 〈in2p3-01139213〉

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