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The Large Area Telescope on the Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope Mission

W. B. Atwood A. A. Abdo Markus Ackermann B. Anderson Magnus Axelsson Luca Baldini Jean Ballet 1 D. L. Band Guido Barbiellini J. Bartelt D. Bastieri B. M.Baughman K. Bechtol D. Bédérède 2 F. Bellardi R. Bellazzini B. Berenji G. F.Bignami D. Bisello E. Bissaldi R. D.Blandford E. D.Bloom J. R.Bogart E. Bonamente J. Bonnell A. W.Borgland A. Bouvier J. Bregeon A. Brez M. Brigida Pascal Bruel 3 T. H.Burnett G. Busetto G. A.Caliandro R.A. Cameron P. A. Caraveo S. Carius P. Carlson J. M.Casandjian 1 E. Cavazzuti M. Ceccanti C. Cecchi E. Charles A. Chekhtman C. C.Cheung J. Chiang R. Chipaux 2 A. N. Cillis S. Ciprini R. Claus J. Cohen-Tanugi 4 S. Condamoor J. Conrad R. Corbet L. Corucci L. Costamante S. Cutini D.S. Davis D. Decotigny M. Deklotz C.D. Dermer A. de Angelis S.W. Digel E. Do Couto E Silva P.S. Drell R. Dubois D. Dumora 5 Y. Edmonds D. Fabiani C. Farnier 4 C. Favuzzi D.L. Flath P. Fleury 3 W.B. Focke S. Funk P. Fusco F. Gargano D. Gasparrini N. Gehrels F.-X. Gentit 2 S. Germani B. Giebels 3 N. Giglietto P. Giommi F. Giordano T. Glanzman G. Godfrey I.A. Grenier 1 M.-H. Grondin 5 J.E. Grove L. Guillemot 5 S. Guiriec 4 G. Haller A.K. Harding P.A. Hart E. Hays S.E. Healey M. Hirayama L. Hjalmarsdotter R. Horn G. Johannesson G. Johansson A. S.Johnson R. P.Johnson T. J.Johnson W. N.Johnson T. Kamae H. Katagiri J. Kataoka A. Kavelaars N. Kawai H. Kelly M. Kerr W. Klamra J. Knodlseder 6 M. L. Kocian N. Komin 1, 4 F. Kuehn M. Kuss D. Landriu 1 L. Latronico B. Lee S.-H. Lee M. Lemoine-Goumard 5 A.M. Lionetto F. Longo F. Loparco B. Lott 5 M.N. Lovellette P. Lubrano G.M. Madjeski A. Makeev B. Marangelli M.M. Massai M.N. Mazziotta J.E. Mcenery N. Menon C. Meurer P.F. Michelson M. Minuti N. Mirizzi W. Mitthumsiri T. Mizuno A.A. Moiseev C. Monte M.E. Monzani E. Moretti A. Morselli I.V. Moskalenko S. Murgia T. Nakamori S. Nishino P.L. Nolan J.P. Norris E. Nuss 4 M. Ohno T. Ohsugi N. Omodei E. Orlando J.F. Ormes A. Paccagnella D. Paneque J.H. Panetta D. Parent 5 M. Pearce M. Pepe A. Perazzo M. Pesce-Rollins P. Picozza L. Pieri M. Pinchera F. Piron 4 T.A. Porter L. Poupard 1 S. Raino R. Rando E. Rapposelli M. Razzano A. Reimer O. Reimer T. Reposeur 5 L. C. Reyes S. Ritz L.S. Rochester A.Y. Rodriguez R.W. Romani M. Roth J.J. Russell F. Ryde S. Sabatini H.F-W. Sadrosinski D. Sanchez 3 A. Sander L. Sapozhinkov P.M. Saz Parkinson J.D. Scargle T.L. Schalk G. Scolieri G. Sgro G.H. Share M. Shaw T. Shimokawabe C. Shrader A. Sierpowska-Bartosik E.J. Siskind D.A. Smith 5 P.D. Smith G. Spandre P. Spinelli Jean-Luc Starck 1 T. E. Stephens M.S. Strickman A.W. Strong D.J. Suson H. Tajima H. Takahashi T. Takahashi T. Tanaka A. Tenze 1 S. Tether J.B. Thayer J.G. Thayer D.J. Thompson L. Tibaldo O. Tibolla D.F. Torres G. Tosti A. Tramacere M. Turri T.L. Usher N. Vilchez 6 V. Vitale P. Wang K. Watters B. L. Winer K.S. Wood T. Ylinen M. Ziegler
Abstract : (Abridged) The Large Area Telescope (Fermi/LAT, hereafter LAT), the primary instrument on the Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope (Fermi) mission, is an imaging, wide field-of-view, high-energy gamma-ray telescope, covering the energy range from below 20 MeV to more than 300 GeV. This paper describes the LAT, its pre-flight expected performance, and summarizes the key science objectives that will be addressed. On-orbit performance will be presented in detail in a subsequent paper. The LAT is a pair-conversion telescope with a precision tracker and calorimeter, each consisting of a 4x4 array of 16 modules, a segmented anticoincidence detector that covers the tracker array, and a programmable trigger and data acquisition system. Each tracker module has a vertical stack of 18 x,y tracking planes, including two layers (x and y) of single-sided silicon strip detectors and high-Z converter material (tungsten) per tray. Every calorimeter module has 96 CsI(Tl) crystals, arranged in an 8 layer hodoscopic configuration with a total depth of 8.6 radiation lengths. The aspect ratio of the tracker (height/width) is 0.4 allowing a large field-of-view (2.4 sr). Data obtained with the LAT are intended to (i) permit rapid notification of high-energy gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) and transients and facilitate monitoring of variable sources, (ii) yield an extensive catalog of several thousand high-energy sources obtained from an all-sky survey, (iii) measure spectra from 20 MeV to more than 50 GeV for several hundred sources, (iv) localize point sources to 0.3 - 2 arc minutes, (v) map and obtain spectra of extended sources such as SNRs, molecular clouds, and nearby galaxies, (vi) measure the diffuse isotropic gamma-ray background up to TeV energies, and (vii) explore the discovery space for dark matter.
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Submitted on : Monday, April 27, 2009 - 12:46:58 PM
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W. B. Atwood, A. A. Abdo, Markus Ackermann, B. Anderson, Magnus Axelsson, et al.. The Large Area Telescope on the Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope Mission. The Astrophysical Journal, American Astronomical Society, 2009, 697, pp.1071-1102. ⟨10.1088/0004-637X/697/2/1071⟩. ⟨in2p3-00378934⟩

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