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Allozyme variation of oleaster populations (wild olive tree) (Olea europaea L.) in the Mediterranean Basin

Abstract : As a result of the early domestication and extensive cultivation of the olive tree throughout the Mediterranean Basin, the wild-looking forms of olive (oleasters) presently observed constitute a complex, potentially ranging from wild to feral forms. Allozyme variation was analysed at 10 loci in 31 large and 44 small oleaster populations distributed in various habitats of the Mediterranean Basin and in two populations of the wild subspecies Olea europaea subsp (ssp) guanchica, endemic to the Canary islands and closely related to oleasters. At eight polymorphic loci, 25 alleles were identified. Genetic evidence that nondomesticated oleasters still survive locally was provided by the occurrence of four and one alleles shared exclusively by the eight western and two eastern oleaster populations, respectively, which were collected in forests potentially containing genuinely wild forms according to environmental, historical and demographic criteria. As reported previously from cytoplasmic and RAPDs analysis, substantial genetic differentiation was observed between the eastern oleaster populations genetically close to most olive clones cultivated in the Mediterranean Basin, and the western populations that are related to the wild Canarian populations. In addition, the occurrence of significantly lower heterozygosity in cultivated olive than in oleasters, whatever their origin, suggests that intensive selection involving inbreeding has taken place under cultivation to obtain particular characteristics in the olive cultivars.
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Contributor : Jean-Bernard Huchet Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Monday, February 22, 2010 - 5:23:38 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, December 9, 2021 - 1:47:08 PM

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R. Lumaret, N. Ouzzani, H. Michaud, G. Vivier, Deguilloux M.F., et al.. Allozyme variation of oleaster populations (wild olive tree) (Olea europaea L.) in the Mediterranean Basin. Heredity, Nature Publishing Group, 2004, 92 (4), pp.343-351. ⟨10.1038/sj.hdy.6800430⟩. ⟨halshs-00458933⟩



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