Il était une fois le corps... La construction biologique du corps dans les encyclopédies pour enfants

Abstract : Since the second half of twentieth century, Sociology, Ethnology and History have been able to show that the notion of the body is a social construction. Moreover, recent studies deal about the distinction between sex and gender and bring us to read the biological body also as a social construction. Children's encyclopaedias which explain scientifically the anatomical body to children are an obvious example to see how symbolic and social gendered values are naturalized. Through biological discourses told to children, the social discriminations between men and women seem to be “scientifically” proven, and therefore, to be natural. Indeed, we will show that the language used to describe the body, and the difference between organ denomination according to sex tend to build the so-called “nature” and to spread, with scientific justifications, the social rules.
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Submitted on : Thursday, October 22, 2009 - 4:51:21 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, February 13, 2019 - 10:12:29 AM

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Christine Détrez. Il était une fois le corps... La construction biologique du corps dans les encyclopédies pour enfants. Sociétés contemporaines, Presses de Sciences Po, 2005, pp.161- 177. ⟨halshs-00425869⟩

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