Morphogenesis reconstitution on Kelb valley, Lebanon: contribution of Jeita cave speleogenesis and karst landforms study.

Abstract : A geomorphological study has recently been conducted in Lebanon and aims at reconstituting the palaeogeographical stages of valleys related with the downcutting of the Mediterranean hydrographic network. This study focuses on the reconstitution stages of Kelb valley incision. Whereas geomorphic indicators are rare on the surface, we used sub-surface geomorphologic indicators revealed from the speleogenesis study of Jeita cave. The study area is located downstream of the valley and close to the Mediterranean Sea. It is characterized by: i) a geological structure controlling the phreatic zone (dammed karst), ii) a cave network with 10 km of galleries located between 60 and 250m altitude, and iii) few relict landforms (marine terraces, relict valleys). A crossover analysis between speleogenesis stages, the geology of the sector and the relict landforms suggest three stages of Kelb valley evolution from Pliocene to quaternary period. The study highlights on: i) the paragenesis process in Jeita upper galleries along with Kelb river aggradation in respond to Pliocene transgression, ii) the incision of Jeita canyon due to the reorganization of the drainage (fluvial and karstic) system during Quaternary, iii) implications of the Mount Lebanon tectonic uplift and the transgression/regression of the Mediterranean sea during these episodes. The reconstitution of Kelb valley downcutting is extended to the adjacent Antelias valley, where some identified paragenetic caves are located at an altitude close to Jeita upper galleries. Finally, this study can suggest a new chronostratigraphy to marine terraces identified along the western flank of Mount-Lebanon. These terraces up to 300 m. altitude were thought to be quaternary in age while altitudinal correlation between Jeita upper galleries and marine terraces (160 to 250m) of Kelb valley suggest another chronology: Lebanon high marine terraces could be of Pliocene age, while lower terraces were formed during quaternary period.
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Submitted on : Friday, September 27, 2013 - 9:23:47 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, January 11, 2018 - 6:20:38 AM


  • HAL Id : halsde-00866715, version 1


Carole Nehme, Jean-Jacques Delannoy, Jocelyne Adjizian-Gérard, Stéphane Jaillet. Morphogenesis reconstitution on Kelb valley, Lebanon: contribution of Jeita cave speleogenesis and karst landforms study.. 8th International Conference (IAG) on Geomorphology, Aug 2013, Paris, France. ⟨halsde-00866715⟩



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