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Influence of grain growth on CO2 ice spectroscopic profiles : Modelling for dense cores and disks

Abstract : Interstellar dust grain growth in dense clouds and protoplanetary disks, even moderate, affects the observed interstellar ice profiles as soon as a significant fraction of dust grains is in the size range close to the wave vector at the considered wavelength. The continuum baseline correction made prior to analysing ice profiles influences the subsequent analysis and hence the estimated ice composition, typically obtained by band fitting using thin film ice mixture spectra. We model the effect of grain growth on ice mantle spectroscopic profiles, focusing on CO2 to see how it can affect interstellar ice mantle spectral analysis and interpretation. Using the Discrete Dipole Approximation for Scattering and Absorption of Light, the mass absorption coefficients of distributions of grains composed of ellipsoidal silicate cores with water and carbon dioxide ice mantles are calculated. A few other ice mantle compositions are also calculated. We explore the size distribution evolution from dense clouds to simulate the first steps of grain growth up to three microns in size. The results are injected into RADMC-3D full scattering radiative transfer models of spherical clouds and protoplanetary disk templates to retrieve observable spectral energy distributions. We focus on calculated profile of the CO2 antisymmetric stretching mode ice band profile at 4.27 microns, a meaningful indicator of grain growth. The observed profiles toward dense cores with the Infrared space observatory and Akari satellites already showed profiles possibly indicative of moderate grain growth.The observation of protoplanetary disks at high inclination with the JWST should present distorted profiles that will put constraints on the extent of dust growth. The more evolved the dust size distribution, the more the extraction of the ice mantle composition will require both understanding and taking into account grain growth.
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Preprints, Working Papers, ...
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03728186
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Submitted on : Wednesday, July 20, 2022 - 10:24:23 AM
Last modification on : Saturday, July 23, 2022 - 3:54:29 AM

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Emmanuel Dartois, Jennifer A. Noble, Nathalie Ysard, Karine Demyk, Marin Chabot. Influence of grain growth on CO2 ice spectroscopic profiles : Modelling for dense cores and disks. 2022. ⟨hal-03728186⟩

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