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Exposure of intestinal explants to NX, but not to DON, enriches the secretome in mitochondrial proteins

Abstract : NX is a type A trichothecene produced by Fusarium graminearum with limited information on its toxicity. NX is structurally similar to deoxynivalenol (DON), only differing by the lacking keto group at C8. Because of the structural similarity of the two toxins as well as their potential co-occurrence in food and feed, it is of interest to determine the toxicity of this new compound. In this study, we compared the protein composition of the extracellular media of pig intestinal explants (secretome) exposed to 10 µM of DON or NX for 4 h compared with controls. The combination of two complementary quantitative proteomic approaches (a gel-based and a gel-free approach) identified 18 and 23 differentially abundant proteins (DAPs) for DON and NX, respectively, compared to controls. Functional analysis suggested that, whereas DON toxicity was associated with decreased cell viability and cell destruction, NX toxicity was associated with an enrichment of mitochondrial proteins in the secretome. The presence of these proteins may be associated with the already known ability of NX to induce an intestinal inflammation. Overall, our results indicated that DON- and NX-induced changes in the extracellular proteome of intestinal explants are different. The increased leakage/secretion of mitochondrial proteins by NX may be a feature of NX toxicity.
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Contributor : Hélène LESUR Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Thursday, June 23, 2022 - 1:47:22 PM
Last modification on : Friday, June 24, 2022 - 4:17:36 AM


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Laura Soler-Vasco, Ingrid Miller, Chloé Terciolo, Karin Hummel, Katharina Nöbauer, et al.. Exposure of intestinal explants to NX, but not to DON, enriches the secretome in mitochondrial proteins. Archives of Toxicology, Springer Verlag, 2022, ⟨10.1007/s00204-022-03318-x⟩. ⟨hal-03702831⟩



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