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Évaluation de la perception des sons de parole chez les populations pédiatriques : réflexion sur les épreuves existantes

Abstract : Children with Speech Sound Disorders (SSD) have difficulties in the acquisition of speech sounds, and poor speech intelligibility. These difficulties have negative academic and socio-economic repercussions, often persisting until adulthood. There is a need for reliable assessment protocols, since the prevalence of speech sound disorders speech-language pathologists’ caseloads is high (Dodd, 2014). The focus of this article is an inventory of French clinical tools for speech perception assessment in pediatric population and a comparison of these tools in terms of psychometrics and inherent characteristics of an efficient perception task. The goal is to provide speech-language pathologists with a framework for the selection of assessment protocols in an Evidence-Based Practice approach. In this study, we inventoried ten main perception tasks used for French-speaking children. We examined two aspects of these tests by using analysis grids. First, we analyzed the psychometric side with a grid adapted from Leclercq & Veys (2014) and Lafay & Cattini (2018). Second, we evaluated the characteristics of a perception task with a criterion grid adapted from Locke (1980a). The results showed that, even if the tests are adapted to children of different ages and quick to administer, very few include a justification for the selected targets or establish a link between perception and production abilities. In addition, these tests do not satisfy psychometric standards, especially sensibility and specificity. In fact, only a few tests include a pathologic population in their standardization process. This study promotes Evidence-Based Practice approach and offers to guide clinicians in the selection of diagnostic tests.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03646757
Contributor : Hélène Lœvenbruck Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Tuesday, April 19, 2022 - 6:53:06 PM
Last modification on : Monday, May 2, 2022 - 5:06:10 PM

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Geneviève Meloni, Hélène Loevenbruck, Anne Vilain, Estelle Gillet-Perret, Andrea Macleod. Évaluation de la perception des sons de parole chez les populations pédiatriques : réflexion sur les épreuves existantes. Glossa, UNADREO - Union NAtionale pour le Développement de la Recherche en Orthophonie, 2022, 132, pp.1-27. ⟨hal-03646757⟩

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